Deep Vein Thrombosis

Explore the complexities of Deep Vein Thrombosis – risk factors, symptoms, treatment options, and how to recognize signs of this serious vascular condition.

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)?

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a serious medical condition where a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in the body, typically in the legs. If left untreated, DVT can lead to complications such as pulmonary embolism, a potentially life-threatening condition where the blood clot travels to the lungs.

Causes of DVT

Several factors can increase the risk of developing DVT, including:

  • Prolonged immobility, such as during long flights or bed rest
  • Surgery or injury, especially to the legs or hips
  • Cancer and cancer treatments
  • Hormone-based medications, such as birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Family history of DVT or blood clotting disorders


Common symptoms of DVT may include:

  • Swelling in the affected leg, often accompanied by pain or tenderness
  • Warmth or redness in the affected area
  • Swelling and pain in the calf or thigh
  • Discoloration of the skin over the affected vein
  • Leg fatigue or heaviness
  • Visible veins

However, it's important to note that some people with DVT may not experience any symptoms.


Diagnosing DVT typically involves:

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history review
  • Ultrasound imaging to visualize blood flow in the affected veins
  • Blood tests, including D-dimer test to measure levels of a substance that indicates blood clotting

Treatment Options

Treatment for DVT aims to prevent the blood clot from getting bigger and reduce the risk of complications. Treatment options may include:

  • Anticoagulant medications (blood thinners) to prevent new clots from forming and existing clots from getting larger
  • Thrombectomy to remove the clot with specialized catheters in severe cases.  
  • Compression stockings to improve blood flow and reduce swelling
  • Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement in rare cases to prevent blood clots from traveling to the lungs


Preventing DVT involves:

  • Moving around regularly, especially during long periods of sitting or immobility
  • Staying hydrated
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Exercising regularly
  • Following doctor's recommendations regarding medications and lifestyle modifications


Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications. By understanding its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and prevention strategies, individuals can take proactive steps to reduce their risk of developing DVT and its associated complications.

Located in Wellington, Florida IVY Cardiovascular & Vein Center offers world-class heart and vascular care and treatment.  Our IVY league trained Cardiologist and Advanced Peripheral Vascular specialist Dr. Rishi Panchal will conduct a complete evaluation and provide a personalized plan of treatment.

Don’t let your DVT go undiagnosed. Call IVY Cardiovascular & Vein Center at 561-210-9495 or request an appointment online.

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