Peripheral Arterial Disease

A common circulatory problem where narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem where narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs. Left untreated, PAD can lead to serious complications, including tissue damage and even amputation. Understanding its causes, prevention, and treatment is crucial for maintaining vascular health.

What is Peripheral Arterial Disease?

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a condition caused by atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque in the arteries, narrowing them and restricting blood flow, most commonly affecting the legs. Symptoms include leg pain, numbness, and non-healing wounds.

Why Does Peripheral Arterial Disease Occur?

  • Smoking: Tobacco use damages blood vessels, increasing the risk of PAD.
  • Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of atherosclerosis.
  • High Cholesterol: Elevated levels of LDL cholesterol contribute to plaque buildup in arteries.
  • High Blood Pressure: Hypertension damages artery walls, making them more susceptible to plaque buildup.
  • Inactive Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity can lead to obesity and increase the risk of PAD.
  • Age: Risk increases with age, particularly for those over 50.
  • Family History: Genetics can predispose individuals to PAD.

How Can I Help Prevent Peripheral Arterial Disease?

  • Quit Smoking: Smoking cessation is the most effective way to reduce the risk of PAD.
  • Healthy Diet: Adopt a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol, rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Regular Exercise: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
  • Manage Diabetes: Keep blood sugar levels under control through diet, exercise, and medication.
  • Control Blood Pressure: Monitor blood pressure regularly and follow a healthy lifestyle to manage hypertension.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Achieve and maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of PAD.
  • Manage Cholesterol: Keep cholesterol levels in check through diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.

How Can I Treat Peripheral Arterial Disease?

  • Medications: Medications to lower cholesterol, control blood pressure, and manage blood sugar levels may be prescribed.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including quitting smoking, eating a balanced diet, and exercising regularly, can improve symptoms.
  • Angioplasty and Stenting: Procedures to widen narrowed arteries and improve blood flow.
  • Bypass Surgery: Surgical intervention to reroute blood flow around blocked arteries.

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a serious condition that requires attention and proactive management. By understanding its causes, making healthy lifestyle choices, and seeking appropriate treatment, you can minimize the impact of PAD on your life. Contact us today at 561-210-9495 so Dr. Panchal can assess your risk for Peripheral Arterial Disease and develop a personalized plan to protect your vascular health. Your journey to healthier arteries starts here.

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